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The establishment of the Ministry of Regional Administration and Local Government is enshrined in the Constitution of the United Republic of Tanzania Articles 8 (1) 145 and 146 of 1977 and many other amendments that followed. In 1982 the Union Parliament passed the District Authorities Act No 7 (Cap 287) and the Urban Authorities Act No 8 (Cap 288). These two Acts gave mandate to the Minister responsible for Local Authorities to establish Local Authorities in Districts, Villages, Urban Areas, Townships and Mitaa.
Over the years, the Ministry has gone through several structures of government or, attached to different ministries as follows:
Ministry of Local Government, Community Development, Cooperatives and Marketing and late 1990 (after reorganization) it was a ministry proper – MRALG
The functions of the Ministry were transferred to the office of the Prime Minister thus forming two departments namely Regional Administration and Local Government Administration.
MRALG functions were transferred to the President's Office (PORALG).
The functions of the Ministry were again transferred to the Prime Minister's Office (PMORALG)
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